Employers are now more concerned over the Zika Virus and challenges that come with it, mainly due to the people traveling for the Olympics held in Rio de Janeiro.
Their concern is valid as the virus spreads easily through infected mosquito bites. Culex and Aedes mosquitoes which spread the virus are prevalent which makes the makes it easy to spread. The virus can also be passed on sexual intercourse as it has been found in urine, amniotic fluids, blood, saliva, semen and other body fluids in the spinal cord and brain.
Other mosquito-borne diseases that pose an equal danger are like the Dengue fever, and the West Nile Virus, which are already in America.
Zika Virus is more dangerous as most of the affected victims do not develop any symptoms. The common symptoms among the ones that display are; joint pain and muscle pain, conjunctivitis, and fatigue.
The mild symptoms should not be mistaken for lack of harm. Zika Virus effects, especially to the pregnant women are destructive thus risen high concerns and campaigns to prevent infection of expectant mothers and child-bearing women.
The Zika Virus is feared to cause Guillain-Barre syndrome and microcephaly. Guillain-Barre syndrome is a neurological disorder. Experts warn that it can cause paralysis or even death. Microcephaly is where children are born with abnormally small heads than usual. These conditions have accelerated in numbers in Brazil as cases of the Zika Virus has risen.
Global health organizations have strongly cautioned pregnant women against visiting the areas or regions prevalent with the disease. The areas singled out are Rio de Janeiro and Miami Wynwood District. Their sexual partners who might have visited the areas are advised to abstain or use protection during intercourse throughout the pregnancy.
Prevention and Control
With no preventive vaccine yet, a precautionary approach is highly recommended by the health bodies. Employers whose staff works in the affected areas are encouraged to help in reducing the spread of the virus by:
Educate them on the virus. Information about the virus, how to prevent it, symptoms and the dangers should be passed through to anyone exposed to the risk. The knowledge will help them take the necessary steps to protect against infections.
The employers should also work with the employees to avoid mosquito bites at all costs. This can be by providing mosquito repellent clothing, mosquito nets, clearing breeding points and other measures to eradicate mosquito.