Dengue virus has alarmingly increased in Vietnam over the last one year by 260%. This report was given by the local media.
Data from health ministry record the number of people who were infected by dengue fever from the beginning of the year as 45,000 and 14 succumbed. Tran Dac Phu, chief of general ministry Department of Preventive Medicine, said the cases were recorded in 46 cities and provinces out of the 63.
The World Health Organization (WHO) calls it a febrile illness. This is because it attacks the adults, young children, and infants by an infected mosquito bite. There are four of the virus serotypes. About 3-14 days after the infection, the symptoms appear.
Dengue virus may display symptoms like fever, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, rash and severe headache. In severe cases-hemorrhage fever, the symptoms could be abdominal pain, vomiting, fever, and difficulty in breathing which is life threatening and mainly affects children.
The transmission of the virus is not limited to seasons and has been recorded all year round, but it is rampant in summer and rainy season. In July alone, for example, the cases reported were a staggering 5,500. Two out of the number succumbed to the virus. The southern and central parts of Vietnam have recorded the largest number infected.
The past one year, Vietnam has had 82,000 cases of infections registered and 52 deaths that are dengue-related.
Local governments have been called upon by the government to make intentional efforts in preventing the virus and stopping it from spreading. Measures advised are;
Destroy mosquito larvae by eradicating the breeding grounds for the mosquitoes. Clearing bushes, empty tins, and bottles, draining stagnant water will be a good place to start.
Spray insecticides to kill the mosquitoes and the eggs. This will eradicate not only the adult ones but also the chance to have those reproduces.
The government also admitted there was a need to equip hospitals well. This move place wishes to enable hospitals to be better positioned to handle the cases brought in and prevent fatalities.
Reports released in April suggested that Vietnam among other five nations was set to take part in a trial of the dengue vaccine. The vaccine which is at the experimental stage will be offered at the cost of $50 a shot. One person infected will need three shots spread over six months.